Sweden (i/ˈswiːdən/SWEE-dən; Swedish:Sverige[ˈsvæːrjə]listen), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish: Konungariket Sverige), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. It borders Norway to the west and Finland to the east, and is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund. At 450,295 square kilometres (173,860sqmi), Sweden is the third-largest country in the European Union by area, with a total population of over 9.8 million. Sweden consequently has a low population density of 21 inhabitants per square kilometre (54/sqmi), with the highest concentration in the southern half of the country. Approximately 85% of the population lives in urban areas. Southern Sweden is predominantly agricultural, while the north is heavily forested. Sweden is part of the geographical area of Fennoscandia.
Germanic peoples have inhabited Sweden since prehistoric times, emerging into history as the Geats/Götar and Swedes/Svear and constituting the sea peoples known as the Norsemen. Sweden emerged as an independent and unified country during the Middle Ages. In the 17th century, it expanded its territories to form the Swedish Empire, which became one of the great powers of Europe until the early 18th century. Swedish territories outside the Scandinavian Peninsula were gradually lost during the 18th and 19th centuries, beginning with the annexation of present-day Finland by Russia in 1809. The last war in which Sweden was directly involved was in 1814, when Norway was militarily forced into personal union.
The name of Sweden (Swedish Sverige[ˈsvær.jə]listen) is ultimately derived from the ethnonym of the Swedes.
The English name was loaned from Dutch in the 17th century to refer to Sweden as an emerging great power. Before Sweden's imperial expansion, Early Modern English used Swedeland.
The Old English name of Sweden was Sweoland or Sweorice, land or realm of the Sweonas, The Germanic tribes of the Sviar (Old NorseSvíþjóð). The name of the Sviar itself is derived from a Proto-Norse*Swihoniz, presumably a self-designation containing the Germanic reflexive *swe- "one's own, self".
The modern English name Sweden is exceptional in being loaned from Dutch. Before the gradual introduction of Sweden in the 17th century, English used Swedeland.
It is based on Middle DutchZweden, the Dutch name of Sweden, and in origin the dative plural of Zwede "Swede".
It has been in use in English from about 1600, first recorded in Scottish Swethin, Swadne.
Country names based on a dative plural in -n became productive in German and Dutch in the 15th century; compare German Italien "Italy", Spanien "Spain", Rumänien "Romania", Ungarn "Hungary".
A study published recently in NatureEcology and Evolution has unveiled some of the key processes in marine microbial evolution ... Specifically, the ICM-CSIC provided marine samples obtained during the Malaspina expedition in different oceans and water column depths.
When Finland'sPrime Minister, SannaMarin, and Sweden's leader, Magdalena Andersson, met for a key press conference in April, it became a defining moment for both countries ... While Marin refused to give any kind of timetable on the decision at the time, she hinted at the press conference that Finland's bid would happen "quite fast".
Finland, Sweden and NATO. Perhaps the most surprising of all Putin’s miscalculations concerns Finland and Sweden ... that Finland and Sweden end their support for the PKK, and that their ban on arms exports, imposed in October 2019 after the Turkish incursion into northern Syria, be lifted.
Finnish shipping company, ESL Shipping, will become first shipping company in the world to start utilising new low-emission Neste MarineTM 0.1 Co-processed marine fuel in its vessels in Finland and Sweden... “The co-processed marine fuel is something we have been waiting for a long time.
Finnish Prime MinisterSannaMarin said Tuesday that she believes the problem regarding Türkiye's opposition to Finland and Sweden's NATO membership will be resolved before the alliance’s summit in Madrid later this month ... Marin said that NATO should be united and Finland and Sweden would make the alliance stronger in the long run.
Finnish shipping company ESL Shipping will become the world’s first shipping company to start utilising new low-emission Neste Marine 0.1 co-processed marine fuel in its vessels in Finland and Sweden... “The co-processed marine fuel is something we have been waiting for a long time.