Sweden (i/ˈswiːdən/SWEE-dən; Swedish:Sverige[ˈsvæːrjə]listen), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish: Konungariket Sverige), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. It borders Norway to the west and Finland to the east, and is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund. At 450,295 square kilometres (173,860sqmi), Sweden is the third-largest country in the European Union by area, with a total population of over 9.8 million. Sweden consequently has a low population density of 21 inhabitants per square kilometre (54/sqmi), with the highest concentration in the southern half of the country. Approximately 85% of the population lives in urban areas. Southern Sweden is predominantly agricultural, while the north is heavily forested. Sweden is part of the geographical area of Fennoscandia.
Germanic peoples have inhabited Sweden since prehistoric times, emerging into history as the Geats/Götar and Swedes/Svear and constituting the sea peoples known as the Norsemen. Sweden emerged as an independent and unified country during the Middle Ages. In the 17th century, it expanded its territories to form the Swedish Empire, which became one of the great powers of Europe until the early 18th century. Swedish territories outside the Scandinavian Peninsula were gradually lost during the 18th and 19th centuries, beginning with the annexation of present-day Finland by Russia in 1809. The last war in which Sweden was directly involved was in 1814, when Norway was militarily forced into personal union.
The name of Sweden (Swedish Sverige[ˈsvær.jə]listen) is ultimately derived from the ethnonym of the Swedes.
The English name was loaned from Dutch in the 17th century to refer to Sweden as an emerging great power. Before Sweden's imperial expansion, Early Modern English used Swedeland.
The Old English name of Sweden was Sweoland or Sweorice, land or realm of the Sweonas, The Germanic tribes of the Sviar (Old NorseSvíþjóð). The name of the Sviar itself is derived from a Proto-Norse*Swihoniz, presumably a self-designation containing the Germanic reflexive *swe- "one's own, self".
The modern English name Sweden is exceptional in being loaned from Dutch. Before the gradual introduction of Sweden in the 17th century, English used Swedeland.
It is based on Middle DutchZweden, the Dutch name of Sweden, and in origin the dative plural of Zwede "Swede".
It has been in use in English from about 1600, first recorded in Scottish Swethin, Swadne.
Country names based on a dative plural in -n became productive in German and Dutch in the 15th century; compare German Italien "Italy", Spanien "Spain", Rumänien "Romania", Ungarn "Hungary".
Shore power projects can be difficult and expensive, with few (if any) moving forward in any locality without some form of government backing ... The environmental benefits, however, are quite clear ... - Reductions in electricity taxes for shore power to allow it to compete with untaxed marine diesel fuel, as seen in Germany, France, Denmark and Sweden;.
Over a period of three months, the research team exposed blue mussels to high temperatures and acidic conditions at the Kristineberg Centre for Marine Research and Innovation in Sweden...Future ocean conditions could cause significant changes in marine mussels ... marine mollusc.
Eala, a GlobeAmbassador since 2013, stood toe to toe against older and higher ranked opponents in Mallorca posting several upset wins against highly-favored opponents such as number 2 seed Mirjam Bjorlund of Sweden, AlbaCarrilloMarin of Spain, Ana Antigua De La Nunez and ...
The "GlobalMarineVesselEnergy EfficiencyMarket 2021-2025" report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering. The publisher has been monitoring the marine vessel energy efficiency market and it is poised to grow by $163.00 million during 2021-2025 progressing at a CAGR of 4% during the forecast period.
2, 2021 /PRNewswire/ -- Biosynthetic® Technologies today announced it has been awarded the provisional AEGIR-Marine approval for its Biosynthetic® ISO 68 hydraulic fluid specifically manufactured for marine applications ... About AEGIR-Marine. AEGIR-Marine is a full service provider for stern tube seals and propulsion systems for the maritime industry.
She opened up her second leg campaign with a first-round upset victory over second seed Mirjam Bjorklund of Sweden, 6-4, 3-6, 6-3, and followed it up with a second-round win over Spain’s AlbaCarrilloMarin, ...
According to MartinDahl, there are several ongoing research projects on microplastics in Sweden, especially at Kristineberg's marine research station outside Fiskeb�ckskil in western Sweden, but they have mainly looked at plastics in other types of bottoms and in the open sea, not in seagrass sediments.
The EDIDP, which paves the way for the European Defence Fund, focuses on the promotion of a strong and innovative defence industry as well as on raising the EU's autonomy and technological leadership in defence ... The consortium consists of the following partners. ... Italy ... SAAB KOCKUMS AB Sweden ... THYSSENKRUPP MARINE SYSTEMS Germany ... MARINNetherlands ... ....